Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. Some examples:
- Negotiation research spans many disciplines (Thompson 1990).
- This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman (1996).
- This effect has been widely studied (Abbott 1991; Barakat et al. 1995; Kelso and Smith 1998; Medvec et al. 1993).
References should be typed on separate sheets. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list. It has to be checked whether the listed references are up-to-date (e.g., whether cited discussion papers have been published in the meanwhile).
Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work.
- Journal article
Beffy, Magali, Denis Fougère and Arnaud Maurel (February 2012) Choosing the Field of Study in Postsecondary Education: Do Expected Earnings Matter? The Review of Economics and Statistics, 94(1): 334–347
- Article by DOI
Slifka MK, Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. doi:10.1007/s001090000086
Constant, Amelie F. and Klaus F. Zimmermann (editors) (2013) The International Handbook on the Economics of Migration, Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, UK, 28 chapters and 573 pages
- Book chapter
Constant, Amelie F., Olga Nottmeyer and Klaus F. Zimmermann (2013) The economics of circular migration, in The International Handbook on the Economics of Migration, Amelie F. Constant and Klaus F. Zimmermann (editors), Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, UK, Chapter 3, pp. 55-74
Giulietti, Corrado and Jackline Wahba (2013) Welfare migration, in The International Handbook on the Economics of Migration, Amelie F. Constant and Klaus F. Zimmermann (editors), Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, UK, Chapter 26, pp. 489-504
- Online document
Cartwright J (2007) Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. http://physicsweb.org/articles/news/11/6/16/1. Accessed 26 June 2007
Trent JW (1975) Experimental acute renal failure. Dissertation, University of California
- Discussion paper
Akay, Alpaslan, Amelie F. Constant and Corrado Giulietti (June 2012) “The Impact of Immigration on the Well-Being of Natives,” IZA DP 6630, IZA, Bonn
Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php
For authors using EndNote, Springer provides an output style that supports the formatting of in-text citations and reference list.